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Clothing is an important need for humans. However, there is a harsh fact that fashion industry is causing pollution and devastating environment.
The fashion industry is one of the most polluting industries in the world. Especially, fast fashion has dominated and reshaped the fashion industry since the 1990s. This fashion segment is the main cause of the huge greenhouse gas emissions and devastating impacts. environment.
Fast fashion is a business model that promotes the fast production of cheap clothes to meet the latest fashion trends. This term was first used in the early 1990s to describe Zara’s business model. Today this model has dominated the fashion industry. Many retailers such as TopShop, Primark, Forever21 and Mammut have the ability to turn an idea in the minds of designers into luxury products that appear on the street in just a few weeks.
The rapid rise and success of brands that bring a mass audience of cheap yet fashionable clothes has led to a major change in consumer behavior. The cost of this uncontrolled increase in consumption is wastefulness, pollution, and clothing factories with poor working conditions.
Clothing is cheap, but the environment is expensive. Fast fashion also encourages the production of lower quality clothes. Quality and durability have been pushed aside to make room for cheap clothes that will meet the immediate tastes but will quickly become out of fashion next season. The most serious consequence of this situation is that it leads to a huge amount of discarded clothing piled up in landfills. According to statistics, in 2014, landfills in the US received 10.46 million tons of clothes. Only about 15-20 of the leftover items for charity shops are on the shelves of these stores because they are simply too large.
Both polyester and nylon break down part of the washing machine into micro-plastics that discharge into the drainage system into the environment. Scientists have now discovered that microplastics have invaded the human food chain. This is a problem that we currently do not fully measure the level of consequences. Low-quality cheap clothes decompose more quickly than high-quality clothes, so the faster the process of micro-plastic entering food.
The pollution problem caused by the fashion industry is so large that it is difficult to know where to start in solving this problem. Unfortunately, the main big driver for all this trouble is the need for cheap clothes that can be easily thrown away.